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The Swallowtails (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae, Papilioninae) of Papua Indonesia

by Jan Moonen

Pachliopta polydorus (Linnaeus, 1763)

ssp. godartianus (Lucas, 1852) [endemic]
ssp. leodamas (Wallace, 1865)
ssp. asinius (Fruhstorfer, 1904)
ssp. mamberamus (Toxopeus, 1950)
ssp. humboldti (Rothschild, 1908)
ssp. ackeryi Fujioka, 1997
ssp. meforanus (Rothschild, 1908)
ssp. wangaarensis (Joicey & Talbot, 1924)
ssp. ceramites (Fruhstorfer, 1916)
ssp. auster (van Eecke, 1915)
ssp. tsukadai Fujioka, 1997






STATUS: A common species with many subspecies. For practical reasons these are not defined in the distribution map.

PAPUA LOCALITIES: Misool Island; Waigeo Island; New Guinea: Base Camp (Wollaston exp.), Humboldt Bay, Manokwari, Miei, Nabire, Oost Tami, Timika. Details in gazetteer.


DATA SOURCES: RMNH. Literature (see below).







D'Abrera, B., 1971. Butterflies of the Australian Region. Lansdowne Press Pty Ltd, Melbourne: 415 pp.
Fruhstorfer, H., 1904. [Title unknown: descriptions of Papilio] Ins. Börse 21:180-181,188.
Godman & Salvin, 1880. Descriptions of some supposed new species of Butterflies from New Guinea. Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1880(4): 609-614, ill. (April 1881)
Grose-Smith, 1894. An account of a Collection of Diurnal Lepidoptera made by Mr. Doherty at Humboldt Bay, Dutch New Guinea, and in neighbouring islands. Part II Novitates Zoologica 1: 331-365.
Igarashi, S., 1979. Papilionidae and their early stages. (in Japanese) Vol.I Text:1-218, ill. Vol.II Plates color:1-223; bl/w:1-32; bl/w:1-102 (foodplants) Kodansha, Tokyo. (15.VIII.1979)
Jordan, K., 1908-1910. Die Indo-Australische Tagfalter. Papilionidae. Papilio to Armandia. In Seitz, Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde 9:11-109,112, pls 1-49.
Mastrigt, H.van & E. Rosariyanto, 2005. Kupu Kupu, Untuk Wilayah, Mamberamo Sampai, Peg. Cyclops. Conservation International.
Parsons, M., 1998. The Butterflies of Papua New Guinea. Their Systematics and Biology. Academic Press. San Diego, etc.
Rothschild, W., 1895. A Revision of the Papilios of the eastern Hemisphere, exclusive of Africa. Novitates Zoologica II(3):167-463. pl.4. (Aug.1895)
Rothschild, W., 1916. Lepidoptera collected by the British Ornithologists’ Union and Wollaston Expeditions in the Snow Mountains, Southern Dutch New Guinea. Reports on the collections B.O.U.exp. and W.exp. Vol.II. London, 1916 (Papilionidae p.1-4)
Wallace, A.R., 1865. On the phenomena of variation and geographical distribution as illustrated by the Papilionidae of the Malayan Region. Trans. linn. Soc. Lond. 25(1):1-71, Pls 1-8.
Weymer, G., 1902. Zwei neue Tagfalter aus Neuguinea. Ent. Zeitschrift 2, 15.4.1902. * The source of this publication on Papilio princeps by Weymer is often refered to as “Jordan, 1909 ex synon” which is not familiar to many researchers. click on this link to read the publication.