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The Little Bear Moths (Lepidoptera: Brachodidae) of Papua Indonesia

by Axel Kallies

The Brachodidae are a relatively small family that, together with the Clearwing moths (Sesiidae) and the Sun moths (Castniidae), form the superfamily Sesioidea. The present concept of Brachodidae with two subfamilies, Brachodinae and Phycodinae, was established by Heppner (1981), but the monophyly of the family and its placement in the Sesioidea is still disputed. A typical character of the species in this family is a conspicuously bicoloured type of scales on forewings and thorax (dark, with a white or light grey distal spot). This scale type is prominent in all Phycodinae and in many Brachodinae taxa examined but has not been mentioned by previous authors. Approximately 135 Brachodid species have been named, distributed in all regions, except from the Nearctic region. Although the majority of species were described from the Palaearctic region, the Brachodidae fauna of southern and south-eastern Asia appears to be the most diverse, yet, despite two recent contributions (Kallies 1998, 2000), the knowledge on Oriental Brachodid moths is still rudimentary. Only five species have yet been found in New Guinea.

For the time being species from whole New Guinea are listed, because details of localities are not yet available.

Listed New Guinea species: 7



Synechodes Turner, 1913

diabolus (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875)

papuana Heppner, 1990

sidereus Kallies, 2004

Miscera Walker, 1863

basichrysa (Lower, 1916)
ssp. extensa Kallies, 1998

Saccocera Kallies 2013

panaras Kallies 2013


Paranigilgia Kallies, 1998

brandti Kallies 2013

Nigilgia Walker 1863

atribractea Kallies 2013


last updated on 22nd December 2013


Kallies, A., 2004. The Brachodidae of the Oriental region and adjacent territories (Lepidoptera: Sesioidea). – Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 147: 1-20.