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The Singing Cicadas (Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha: Cicadidae & Tibicinidae) of Papua Indonesia

by Hans Duffels, Arnold de Boer & Marieke Schouten

Visiting the tropical rain forest of Papua will always be remembered by the striking and, after a while, familiar sound of singing cicadas. This pulsing, sharp and loud "noise" can be heard in daytime and at twilight. The sound is produced by the males through large hollow "tymbal" organs. Other families, particularly the very small leaf cicadas, do not produce any sound. Larger species are sometimes eaten by the local people. More general information can be found on the webpage of Dr. Hans Duffels.

In many cases the adults hatch simultaneously in high numbers. At that event the trees are suddenly full of exuvia, like here in Wamena (Baliem Valley, 1993) (Photos: Rob de Vos)

Two examples of tymbal organs in cicadas (photos: Louis van der Laan)


The Cicadidae and Tibicinidae are the so called "singing cicadas"; usually large species which produce sound.

The checklist is based on all relevant literature and additional collection records.

Listed Papua species: 88 [35 endemic for Papua]

Thumbnail gallery

 

Cicadidae (by Hans Duffels & Marieke Schouten)

tribus Dundubiini

subtribus Cosmopsaltriini

Cosmopsaltria Stål, 1866

aurata Duffels, 1983

bloetei Duffels, 1983

capitata Distant, 1888

delfae Duffels, 1983

doryca (Boisduval, 1835)

emarginata Duffels, 1969 [endemic]

gigantea (Distant, 1897)
ssp. occidentalis Duffels, 1983

gracilis Duffels, 1983 [endemic]

mimica Distant, 1897

papuensis Duffels, 1983

personata Duffels, 1983 [endemic]

retrorsa Duffels, 1983 [endemic]

satyrus Duffels, 1969

signata Duffels, 1983

toxopeusi Duffels, 1983 [endemic]

waine Duffels, 1991 [endemic]

Diceropyga Stål, 1870

bihamata Duffels, 1977

gravesteini Duffels, 1977

junctivitta (Walker, 1868)

subapicalis (Walker, 1868)

Rhadinopyga Duffels, 1985

acuminata (Duffels, 1977) [endemic]

duffelsi Sanborn, 2005

epiplatys Duffels, 1985

impar (Walker, 1868) [endemic]

recedens (Walker, 1868) [endemic]

 

Tibicinidae (by Arnold J. de Boer)

tribus Chlorocystini

Aedeastria De Boer, 1990

cheesmanae De Boer, 1993 [endemic]

cobrops De Boer, 1990 [endemic]

digitata (Blöte, 1960) [endemic]

latifrons (Blöte, 1960)

sepia De Boer, 1990

waigeuensis De Boer, 1993 [endemic]

Baeturia Stål, 1866

arabuensis Blöte, 1960

bemmeleni De Boer, 1994

bicolorata Distant, 1892

bipunctata Blöte, 1960 [endemic]

biroi De Boer, 1994

bloetei De Boer, 1989

brongersmai Blöte, 1960

exhausta (Guérin Méneville, 1831)
hastipennis (Walker, 1858)
parabola (Walker, 1858)
parallela (Walker, 1868)

furcillata De Boer, 1992

guttulinervis Blöte, 1960 [endemic]

guttulipennis Blöte, 1960

hamiltoni De Boer, 1994 [endemic]

hardyi De Boer, 1986 [endemic]

inconstans De Boer, 1994

lorentzi De Boer, 1992 [endemic]

maai De Boer, 1994 [endemic]

mamillata Blöte, 1960

marmorata Blöte, 1960 [endemic]

nasuta Blöte, 1960

parva Blöte, 1960

quadrifida (Walker,1868)

roonensis De Boer, 1994 [endemic]

rossi De Boer, 1994 [endemic]

rufula Blöte, 1960 [endemic]

vanderhammeni Blöte, 1960

viridis Blöte, 1960

Guineapsaltria De Boer, 1993

flava (Goding & Froggatt, 1904)
minuta (Blöte, 1960)
modesta (Distant, 1907)

pallida (Blöte, 1960)

pallidula De Boer, 1993

stylata (Blöte, 1960)

viridula (Blöte, 1960)

Gymnotympana Stål, 1861

dahli (Kuhlgatz, 1905)
valida (Blöte, 1960)

membrana De Boer, 1995

rubricata (Distant, 1906)
nenians Jacobi, 1903

Mirabilopsaltria De Boer, 1996

humilis (Blöte, 1960) [endemic]

inconspicua De Boer, 1996 [endemic]

toxopeusi (Blöte, 1960) [endemic]

Papuapsaltria De Boer, 1995

baasi De Boer, 1995

bidigitula De Boer, 1995

dolabrata De Boer, 1995 [endemic]

lachlani De Boer, 1995

phyllophora (Blöte, 1960)

toxopei De Boer, 1995 [endemic]

ustulata (Blöte, 1960) [endemic]

Scottotympana De Boer, 1991

sahebdivanii De Boer, 1991 [endemic]

Thaumastopsaltria Kirkaldy, 1900

adipata (Stål, 1863) [endemic]

globosa (Distant, 1897)
glauca Ashton, 1912

lanceola De Boer, 1991

sarissa De Boer, 1991

sicula De Boer, 1991 [endemic]

 

tribus Cicadettini

Auta Distant, 1897

insignis Distant, 1897

Nigripsalta De Boer, 1999

carinata De Boer, 1999

Toxopeusella Schmidt, 1926

fakfakensis De Boer, 1999 [endemic]

moluccana (Kirkaldy, 1909)
browni Boulard, 1981
cheesmannae Boulard, 1981
smarti Boulard, 1981
stigma Walker, 1868

 

tribus Prasiini

Arfaka Distant, 1906

fulva (Walker, 1868) [endemic]

hariola (Stål, 1863) [endemic]


Literature

Boer, A.J. de 1982. The taxonomy and biogeography of the nasuta group of the genus Baeturia Stål, 1866 (Homoptera, Tibicinidae). Beaufortia 32(4): 57-78.
Boer, A.J. de 1986. The taxonomy and biogeography of the conviva group of the genus Baeturia Stål, 1866 (Homoptera, Tibicinidae). Beaufortia 36 (7): 167-182.
Boer, A.J. de 1989. The taxonomy and biogeography of the bloetei group of the genus Baeturia Stål, 1866 (Homoptera, Tibicinidae). Beaufortia 39 (1): 1-43.
Boer, A.J. de 1990. Aedeastria, a new cicada genus from New Guinea, its phylogeny and biogeography (Homoptera, Tibicinidae), preceded by a discussion on the taxonomy of New Guinean Tibicinidae. Beaufortia 40 (3): 63-72.
Boer, A.J. de 1991. Scottotympana, a new cicad genus from New Guinea, with the description of three new species, their taxonomy and biogeography (Homoptera, Tibicinidae). Beaufortia 42 (1): 1-11.
Boer, A.J. de 1992a. The taxonomy and biogeography of the genus Thaumastopsaltria Kirkaldy, 1900, (Homoptera, Tibicinidae). Beaufortia 43 (3): 17-44
Boer, A.J. de 1992b. The taxonomy and biogeography of the viridis group of the genus Baeturia Stål, 1866 (Homoptera, Tibicinidae). Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde 61 (3): 163-183.
Boer, A.J. de 1993a Guineapsaltria, a new genus of the Australian-New Guinean region, with notes on the taxonomy and biogeography (Homoptera, Tibicinidae). Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde 63 (1): 15-41.
Boer, A.J. de 1993b Ten new species of the genus Aedeastria De Boer, 1990, with notes on the taxonomy and biogeography (Homoptera, Tibicinidae). Beaufortia 43 (9):140-167.
Boer, A.J. de 1994a. The taxonomy and biogeography of the loriae group of the genus Baeturia Stål, 1866 (Homoptera, Tibicinidae). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie, 136: 1-26
Boer, A.J. de 1994b. The taxonomy and biogeography of the guttulinervis group of the genus Baeturia Stål, 1866 (Homoptera, Tibicinidae). Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde 64 (2): 87-100
Boer, A.J. de 1994c. The taxonomy and biogeography of the exhausta group of the genus Baeturia Stål, 1866 (Homoptera, Tibicinidae). Beaufortia 44: 127-158.
Boer, A.J. de 1994d. Four species added to the Baeturia nasuta group, with notes on taxonomy and biogeography (Homoptera, Tibicinidae). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 136: 161-172.
Boer, A.J. de 1995a The taxonomy and biogeography of the genus Gymnotympana Stål, 1861, (Homoptera, Tibicinidae). Invertebrate Taxonomy Invertebrate Taxonomy, 9 (1): 1-81.
Boer, A.J. de 1995b.The taxonomy and biogeography of the genus Papuapsaltria n. gen. (Homoptera, Tibicinidae). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie, 138: 1-44.
Boer, A.J. de 1995c Islands and cicadas adrift in the west-Pacific; biogeographic patterns related to plate tectonics. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie, 138: 169-244
Boer, A.J. de 1996 Mirabilopsaltria, a new cicada genus from New Guinea, its taxonomy and biogeography (Homoptera, Tibicinidae). Tropical zoology 9: 349-379.
Boer, A.J. de 1997 Phylogeny and biogeography of Australian genera of Chlorocystini (Insecta: Homoptera, Tibicinidae). Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria 56: 91-123.
Boer, A.J. de 1999 Taxonomy and biogeography of the New Guinean Cicadettini (Hemiptera, Tibicinidae). Deutsche entomologische Zeitschrift 46: 115-147.
Duffels, J.P. 1969. Two new species of Cosmopsaltria Stål from New Guinea (Homoptera, Cicadidae). - Entomologische Berichten, Amsterdam 29: 147-155, Figs 1-11.

Duffels, J.P. 1977. A revision of the genus Diceropyga Stål, 1870 (Homoptera, Cicadidae). Monografieën van de Nederlandse entomologische Vereniging 8: 1-227.
Duffels, J.P. 1983.Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of the genus Cosmopsaltria, with remarks on the historic biogeography of the subtribe Cosmopsaltriaria (Homoptera: Cicadidae). Pacific Insects Monographics 39: 1-127.
Duffels, J.P. 1985. Rhadinopyga n. gen. from the "Vogelkop"of New Guinea and adjacent islands, a new genus of the subtribe Cosmopsaltriaria (Homoptera, Cicadoidea: Cicadidae). Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde 55 (2): 275-279.
Duffels, J.P.& H.J.G. van Mastrigt 1991. Recognition of cicadas (Homoptera, Cicadidae) by the Ekagi people of Irian Jaya (Indonesia), with a description of a new species of Cosmopsaltria.- Journal of Natural History 25: 173-182, Figs. 1-5.
Sanborn, A.F. 2005. Rhadinopyga duffelsi, a new cicada species from New Guinea (Hemiptera: Cicadomorpha: Cicadidae). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 148: 21-25.

[updated on 25th October 2010]