Papua Insects Foundation
The Arfak Mountains are
situated at the northeast side of the Birdshead Peninsula. The mountains are
of a rather moderate altitude with peaks up to 2940 meters (Mount Mebo). It
is amazing that nature is so wealthy and rather undisturbed in the vicinity
of a big city like Manokwari. Moreover, at the very northwestern
edge of the city is The Meja Reserve, a rather small National
Park on top of Mount Meja ("Table Mountain"). Although there is
high pressure on the protection of the surrounding nature by civilization
(traffic, industry, logging), the Arfak Mountains are spared until now. With
its rather steep mountain slopes and deep cloves it seems not interesting
for industrial exploiration yet.
Most important cultivated
areas are situated at the east coast of the Birdshead Peninsula. In the north
the big city of Manokwari is settled, more south Andai, Warkapi, Oransbari
and, at the southernmost point of the Arfak, Ransiki. Manokwari is the largest
city in this area and is the second largest city of Papua and inhabits an
university. Next in row at the east coast is Ransiki. It has a small industry
and fishery harbour.
At the edges of the mountain
area we found some palm-oil plantages (near Andai and Prafi) and areas with
secundairy forest, but somewhat deeper in the mountains are still wide areas
of primary forest, where the flora and fauna is rather undisturbed. High in
the mountains are the two Anggi Lakes, Gigi and Gita. The Arfak Mountains
inhabit a very rich biodiversity for several fauna elements, like birds and
insects, with many endemic species. It definitely needs to be protected as
a nature reserve.
map by onearth.jpl.nasa.gov (modified
with geographic names by Papua-Insects)
empty map with clear view click here
- Dumont D'Urville visits the Dorey Bay (where at present Manokwari is settled)
and meets for the first time Arfak people. He is passenger on the ship D'Astrolabe
of L.J. Duperrey.
- 1858 - Alfred Russel
Wallace spents a few weeks at Doré
(now Manokwari), collecting birds and insects. His collectors go in the Arfak
Mountains. He also collected at the North coast of the Birdshead Peninsula.
- 1872 - The Italian naturalist
L.M. D'Albertis makes a trip from Andai to Mt. Hattam (Arfak).
- 1873 - The German A.B.
Meyer, from the Zoology Museum in Dresden, visited Dorey Bay and collected
lepidoptera. He also visited Manem (now Mansinam).
- 1875 - The Italian naturalist
O. Beccari climbes in the Arfak Mountains and reaches Mt. Hattam (2040 m).
- 1877 - The French naturalist
L. Laglaize visits the Karoner, Amberbaker and Kebar people at the Northcoast
of the Birdshead Peninsula.
- 1883 - 1884 The French
naturalist F.H.H. Guillemard visits the Birdshead Peninsula. He collected
birds, butterflies and other insects.
- 1889 - For 9 years the
German collector H. Kühn collected in New Guinea and the adjacent islands.
- 1891 - The Swiss Hans
Fruhstorfer visits the Birdshead Peninsula and collected many lepidoptera.
His material is still preserved in the BMNH and ZMHB.
- 1892 - The English animal
collector W. Doherty collected many birds and insects, of which mostly butterflies.
He visited Andai and Dorey.
- 1896 - Doherty visits
New Guinea for the second time, visiting Dorey Bay.
- 1896 - Zoologist E.St.
Vraz explores the Arfak Mountains and reaches up to 20 km South of Mt. Hattam.
- 1907 - A.E. Pratt visits,
together with his two sons Felix and Charles Pratt, the Arfak Mountains near
Manokwari. Charles also visited Warmasin (Anggi Lakes, Arfak Mountains, February
1909). Both brothers, Felix and Charles went on the River Uty and Mt. Misresi
in the Arfak Mountains.
- 1913 - A.E. Pratt and
his two sons Felix and Charles plan a new trip to the Anggi Lakes in the Arfak
- 1914 - In order of J.J.
Joicey (owner of the private Hill Museum) A.E. Pratt and his sons collected
in the Arfak Mountains.
- 1928 - Ernst
Mayr, a German ornithologist, collected birds, mammals, plants
and insects on the Birdshead Peninsula, mostly from the Arfak Mountains.
- 1928-1929 - From December
1928 till May 1929 Prince
Leopold from Belgium visits the Dutch Indian Archipelago. He
also visited the Arfak Mountains. Apart from other animals he collected also
insects ((type)material in ISNB, Brussels).
- 1993 - Expedition of
the Zoological Museum of Amsterdam to Manokwari, Meja Reserve, Prafi and Warkapi
(Arfak), by Arnold de Boer, Twan Rutten and Rob de Vos.
- 1996 - Expedition of
the Zoological Museum of Amsterdam to Manokwari, Meja Reserve, Andai, Prafi
and Ransiki (Arfak), by Arnold de Boer, Gerrit Withaar, Piet Zumkehr, Herman
de Jong and Rob de Vos.