Papua-Insects.nl

The Papua Insects Foundation

about us:

 

 


 

The Pygmy Grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Tetrigidae) of Papua Indonesia

by Josef Tumbrinck


thumbnail gallery

Pygmy grasshoppers (family Tetrigidae), an old lineage of Triassic origin, are one of the most diverse living Orthoptera groups, with more than 2000 species described to date (Cigliano et al. 2019). The highest concentration of species is found in tropical regions, but there are representatives in all biogeographical realms, from taiga to tropical rainforests, exception being Antarctica and New Zealand (Tumbrinck 2014a). Pygmy grasshoppers can be easily recognized by their small body size (usually smaller than 1.5 cm), their pronotum being extended covering the abdomen, lack of tympana, lack of arolium between the claws, the tarsal formula being 2-2-3 and first thoracic sternum modified into a collar-like structure called sternomentum.
The island of New Guinea including its adjacent satellite islands like Waigeo and Yapen has a very diverse pygmy grasshopper fauna. Species inhabiting this region show an extremely large variability of morphological structures like antennae, head, palpi, pronotum, legs andabdomen as well as a high number of endemic taxa.

Listed Papua species: 142 [47 endemic species for Papua Indonesia]

Batrachideinae

Bufonides Bolívar, 1898

antennatus Bolívar, 1898 [endemic in PNG]

sellatus Hinton, 1940 [endemic]

uvarovi Hinton, 1940 [endemic in PNG]

Palaioscaria Günther, 1936

calosoma (Günther, 1934) [endemic in New Guinea]
intermedia Willemse, 1961

frenata Günther, 1938 [endemic in PNG]
burgersi Günther, 1938

gressitti Tumbrinck, 2015 [endemic]

karimuiensis Tumbrinck, 2015

sedlaceki Tumbrinck, 2015

serena Günther, 1938 [endemic]

starmountainsis Tumbrinck, 2015 [endemic]

telnovi Tumbrinck, 2015

Wiemersiella Tumbrinck, 2014

highlandensis Tumbrinck, 2014 [endemic in PNG]

morobensis Tumbrinck, 2014 [endemic in PNG]

 

Cladonotinae

Boczkitettix Tumbrinck, 2014

manokwariensis Tumbrinck, 2014 [endemic]

Cladonotella Hancock, 1909

beccarii (Bolívar, 1898) [endemic]
insulana Willemse, 1961

riedeli Tumbrinck, 2015 [endemic]

Devriesetettix Tumbrinck, 2014

dorreus (Hancock, 1909) [endemic]

Dolatettix Hancock, 1906

hochkirchi Hancock, 1906 [endemic in PNG]

lehmanni Hancock, 1906 [endemic in PNG]

spinifrons Hancock, 1906 [endemic in PNG]

Epitettix Hancock, 1906

emarginatus (De Haan, 1842) [endemic in New Guinea]

fatigans Günther, 1938 [endemic in PNG]

humilicolus Günther, 1938 [endemic in PNG]

lativertex (Günther, 1938) [endemic in PNG]

tumidus Günther, 1938 [endemic in PNG]

Gestroana Berg, 1898

bayerriversiensis Tumbrinck, 2015 [endemic in PNG]

bicristulata (Günther, 1938) [endemic in PNG]

cyclopensis Tumbrinck, 2015 [endemic]

discoidea (Bolívar, 1898) [endemic in PNG]

flasbarthi Tumbrinck, 2015 [endemic in PNG]

gressitti Tumbrinck, 2015 [endemic in PNG]

karimuiensis Tumbrinck, 2015 [endemic in PNG]

kleukersi Tumbrinck, 2015 [endemic]

moanemaniensis Tumbrinck, 2015 [endemic]

morobensis Tumbrinck, 2015 [endemic in PNG]

mounthagensis Tumbrinck, 2015 [endemic in PNG]

pannosa Tumbrinck, 2015 [endemic in PNG]

sedlaceki Tumbrinck, 2015 [endemic in PNG]

tumbrincki Tan, Storozhenko & Robillard, 2016 [endemic in PNG]

willemsei Tumbrinck, 2015 [endemic]

yapenensis Tumbrinck, 2015 [endemic]

Holoarcus Hancock, 1909

arcuatus (De Haan, 1842) [endemic]
granulatum (Costa, 1865)

belingae (Günther, 1929) [endemic in PNG]

ferwillemsei Tumbrinck, 2014 [endemic]
truncatus (Willemse, 1932)

intermedius (Günther, 1929) [endemic]

truncatus (Günther, 1929) [endemic]

Ichikawatettix Tumbrinck, 2014

detzeli Tumbrinck, 2014 [endemic]

exsertus Günther, 1938 [endemic in PNG]

kleinertae Tumbrinck, 2014 [endemic]

Ingrischitettix Tumbrinck, 2014

mountalbilalaensis Tumbrinck, 2014 [endemic in PNG]

Planotettix Tumbrinck, 2014

astrolabebayensis Tumbrinck, 2014 [endemic in PNG]

biroi Tumbrinck, 2014 [endemic in PNG]

buergersi Tumbrinck, 2014 [endemic in PNG]

cyclopensis Tumbrinck, 2014 [endemic]

fartmanni Tumbrinck, 2014 [endemic in PNG]

karubakensis Tumbrinck, 2014 [endemic]

maai Tumbrinck, 2014 [endemic in PNG]

mountbaduriensis Tumbrinck, 2014 [endemic]

planus Tumbrinck, 2014 [endemic in PNG]

riedei Tumbrinck, 2014 [endemic in PNG]

Pseudohyboella Günther, 1938

weylandiana Günther, 1938 [endemic]

Willemsetettix Tumbrinck, 2014

laeensis Tumbrinck, 2014 [endemic in PNG]

missai Tumbrinck, 2014 [endemic in PNG]

oriomoensis Tumbrinck, 2014 [endemic in PNG]

wauensis Tumbrinck, 2014 [endemic in PNG]

willemsei Tumbrinck, 2014 [endemic]


Metrodorinae

Amphinotulus Günther, 1939

cheesmanae (Günther, 1938) [endemic in PNG]
kokodensis (Günther, 1938)

truncatus (Bolívar, 1898) [endemic in New Guinea]

Amphinotus Günther, 1939

grandis Günther, 1938 [endemic in PNG]

Camelotettix Hancock, 1907

curvinotus Hancock, 1907 [endemic in New Guinea]

steini Günther, 1938 [endemic]

Melainotettix Günther, 1939

buergersi (Günther, 1938) [endemic in PNG]

gibbosus (Bolívar, 1898) [endemic in New Guinea]

rammei (Günther, 1938) [endemic in New Guinea]

reductus (Günther, 1936) [endemic]

schlaginhaufeni (Günther, 1934) [endemic in PNG]

Ophiotettix Walker, 1871

amberiana Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic]

bewana Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic in PNG]

bomberaiensis Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic]

brevicollis Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic in PNG]

buergersi Bolívar, 1929 [endemic in PNG]

cheesmanae Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic]

cygnicollis Walker, 1871 [endemic]

depressa Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic in PNG]

filiforma Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic in New Guinea]

flyriveriensis Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic in PNG]

fritzpahli Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic]

hansscholteni Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic in PNG]

imbiana Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic in PNG]

kaitani Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic in PNG]

karimuiensis Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic in PNG]

katharinae Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic in PNG]

limosinus (Van Vollenhoven, 1865) [endemic]

lorentzi Bolívar, 1929 [endemic]

luce Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic]

meggy Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic in PNG]

modesta Bolívar, 1929 [endemic in PNG]

mountnokensis Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic]

parvicollis Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic in PNG]

projecta Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic in PNG]

pulcherrima Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic]

pushkari Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic]

quateorum Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic]

rebrinae Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic]

roesleri Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic]

rohwedderi Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic in PNG]

sanguinea Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic]

schapinae Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic]

scolopax Bolívar, 1929 [endemic]

stallei Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic in PNG]

storozhenkoi Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic]

subbrevicollis Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic in PNG]

telefominensis Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic in PNG]

tenuis Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic]

toxopei Tumbrinck & Skejo, 2017 [endemic]

westwoodi Bolívar, 1929 [endemic in New Guinea]

Pseudoparatettix Günther, 1937

comes Günther, 1938 [endemic in PNG]

difficilis (Günther, 1936) [endemic in New Guinea]

gentilis Günther, 1936 [endemic]

Synalibas Günther, 1939

montistafae (Günther, 1938) [endemic in PNG]

Systolederus Bolívar, 1887

affinis Günther, 1936


Scelimeinae

Eucriotettix Hebard, 1929

aptus (Bolívar, 1898) [endemic in PNG]

molestus Günther, 1938 [endemic in PNG]

peregrinus Günther, 1938 [endemic in PNG]

superfluus (Günther, 1936) [endemic]

tenuis (Günther, 1936) [endemic in New Guinea]

Loxilobus Hancock, 1904

angulatus (Hancock, 1909) [endemic in New Guinea]

desiderius Günther, 1938 [endemic in PNG]

Scelimena Serville, 1838

eremita (Günther, 1938) [endemic in PNG]

novaeguineae (Bolívar, 1898) [endemic in New Guinea]

Tegotettix Hancock, 1913

novaeguineae Günther, 1938 [endemic in New Guinea]

Thoradonta Hancock, 1909

novaeguineae Günther, 1938 [endemic in PNG]


Tetriginae

Ergatettix Kirby, 1914

novaeguineae (Bolívar, 1898) [endemic in PNG]

Euparatettix Hancock, 1904

personatus (Bolívar, 1887)

tricarinatus (Bolívar, 1887)

Lamellitettigodes Günther, 1939

cultratus (Bolívar, 1898) [endemic in New Guinea]

novaeguineae Tumbrinck, 2019 [endemic in PNG]

sagittatus (Bolívar, 1887)

Paratettix Bolívar, 1887

amplus Sjöstedt, 1921

femoralis Günther, 1938 [Australia and PNG]

nigrescens Sjöstedt, 1921
vexator Günther, 1938

tumidus Günther, 1938 [endemic in PNG]

 

last update on 26th December 2021


Literature

BERG, C. (1898): Substitución de nombres genéricos. Communicaciones del Museo Nacional de Buenos Aires 1: 41-42.
BLACKITH, R. E. (1990): Tetrigidae (Orthoptera) with partly exposed wings. Insecta Mundi 4: 87-92.
BLACKITH, R. E. (1992): The Tetrigidae (Insecta; Orthoptera) of South-East Asia: Annotated catalogue with partial translated keys and bibliography. I-LIV, 1-248; Wicklow, Ireland (JAPAGA, ‘Rockbottom’, Ashford Co.).
BOLIVAR, I. (1887): Essai sur les acridiens de la tribu des Tettigidae. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 31: 175-313, pls 4-5 ; Bruxelles.
BOLIVAR, I. (1898): Contributions à l'étude des Acridiens espèces de la Faune indo et austro-malaisienne du Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova sér. 2 19: 66-101.
BOLÍVAR, C. (1929): Estudio monográfico del género Ophiotettix WALKER (Orth. Acrid.). Memorias de la Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural 15: 879-892; Madrid.
CIGLIANO, M. M., BRAUN, H., EADES, D. C. & OTTE, D. (2019): Orthoptera Species File
- online Orthoptera database http://Orthoptera.SpeciesFile.org [last accesed December 29th 2019].
COSTA, A. (1864)
: Acquisiti fatti durante l’anno 1862. Ann. Mus. Zool. Napoli 2: 8-94.
FLETCHER, T. B.. (1921): Catalogue of Indian Insects. Part I. Acrydidae (Tettigidae). 1-40. Calcutta.
GRANT, H. J. Jr. (1966): The Pacific genera of the subfamily Batrachideinae (Orthoptera: Tetrigidae). Pacific Insects 8 (3): 579-601; Honolulu.
GÜNTHER, K. (1929): 9. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Acrydiinae (Orthoptera). Zoologischer Anzeiger 85: 40-42; Jena.
GÜNTHER, K. (1934): Die von Dr. Schlaginhaufen 1909 in Neuguinea gesammelten Acrydiinae (Orth. Acrid.). Vierteljahrsschrift der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft Zürich 79: 333-340.
GÜNTHER, K. (1935a): Acrydiinen von den Key – Inseln (Orth. Acrididae). Eos 11: 109-115; Madrid.
GÜNTHER, K. (1935b): Acrydiinen (Orth. Acrididae) aus dem mittleren Ostborneo, gesammelt von H. C. Siebers 1925. Arb. Morphol. Taxonom. Entomol. Berlin-Dahlem 2 (4): 257-263.
GÜNTHER, K. (1935c): Acrydiinen (Orthopt. Acrid.) von den Salomon-Inseln. Zoologischer Anzeiger 111: 199-204.
GÜNTHER, K. (1936): Phasmoiden und Acrydiinen (Orthoptera) von Holländisch Neu Guinea hauptsächlich aus den Ausbeuten der Herren Docters van Leuwen (1926), van Heurn (1920), P. N. van Kampen und K. Gjellerup (1910). Nova Guinea, Zoologie 17 [1933-36]: 323-352; Leiden.
GÜNTHER, K. (1937): Orthoptera Celebica sarasiniana. Fam. Acrididae, Subfam. Acrydiinae. Treubia 16: 165-195; Bogor.
GÜNTHER, K. (1938a): Acrydiinen (Orthoptera, Acrididae) von Neu Guinea hauptsächlich aus den Ausbeuten von Professor Dr. Bürgers (Deutsche Kaiserin Augusta Fluss-Expedition 1912/1913), Dr. E. Mayr (1928), G. Stein (1931) und Miss L. E. Cheesman (1933/34). Nova Guinea (NS) 2: 1-46; Leiden.
GÜNTHER, K. (1938b): Revision der Acrydiinae, I. Sectiones Tripetalocerae, Discotettigiae, Lophotettigiae, Cleostratae, Bufonidae, Cladonotae, Scelimenae verae. Mitteilungen aus dem zoologischen Museum in Berlin 23 (2): 299-437.
GÜNTHER, K. (1938c): Revision der Acrydiinae (Orth.) II. Scelimenae spuriae. Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung 99: 117-148, 161-230, pls 1-8.
GÜNTHER, K. (1939): Revision der Acrydiinae (Orthoptera), III. Sectio Amorphopi (Metrodorae Bol. 1887, aut.). Abhandlungen und Berichte aus den Staatlichen Museen für Tierkunde und Völkerkunde in Dresden, A 20 (NF Bd. 1): 16-335.
GÜNTHER, K. (1955): Über die Dornschrecken (Orth. Acrid. Tetrigidae) von Sumba und Flores mit faunenhistorischen Anmerkungen zur Verbreitung einiger Gattungsgruppen der Tetrigidae im südostasiatischen Inselbereich. Verh. Naturf. Ges. Basel 66 (2): 147-175.
GÜNTHER, K. (1971): Zoologische Ergebnisse zweijähriger Sammeltätigkeit des Senhor R. N. Ferreira auf Timor. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 30 (5/6): 55-58.
GÜNTHER, K. (1972): Die Tetrigoidea (Orthoptera, Caelifera) von Süd-Melanesien. Zoologische Beiträge, NF. 18 (2): 251-292; Berlin.
HAAN, W. de (1842): Bijdragen tot de kennis der Orthoptera. In: C. J. Temminck & P. W. Korthals (Hrsg.). Verhandelingen over de Natuurlijke Geschiedenis der Nederlandsche Overzeesche Bezittingen, de Leden der Natuurkundige Commissie in Indië en andere Schrijvers. Bd. 18: 125-164. Natuurkundige Commissie in Indië; Leiden.
HANCOCK, J. L. (1906/07)
: Orthoptera. Fam. Acridiidae. Subfam. Tetriginae. In Wytsman, P. (Hrsg.). Genera Insectorum 48: 1-79, pls 1-4; Bruxelles (V. Verteneuil & L. Desmet).
HANCOCK, J. L. (1909): Further studies of the Tetriginae (Orthoptera) in the Oxford University Museum (Second Paper). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 1908: 387-426, pl. 22.
HINTON, H. E. (1940): A revision of the genus Bufonides BOLIVAR (Orthoptera, Tetrigidae). Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. (B) 9 (2): 30-38.
KEVAN, D. KeithMcE. (1966): Some Orthoptera-Caelifera from the Philippine, Bismarck and Solomon Islands, with a few interesting records from New Guinea and the Moluccas. Entomologiske Meddelelser 34: 375-420, pls1-3; Copenhagen.
KIRBY, W. F. (1910): A synonymic catalogue of Orthoptera. Vol. III. Orthoptera Saltatoria. Part II. (Locustidae vel Acrididae). I-X, 1-674, 1-28. London (The Trustees of the British Museum).
OTTE, D. (1978): The primary types of Orthoptera (Saltatoria, Mantodea, Phasmatodea and Blattodea) at the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phil. 130: 26-87; Philadelphia.
OTTE, D. (1997): Orthoptera Species File 6 Tetrigoidea and Tridactyloidea (Orthoptera: Caelifera) and addenda to OSF Vols 1-5. 1-261; Philadelphia (Orthopterists’ Society & Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia).
PARIS, M. (1994): Catalogo de tipos de ortopteroides (Insecta) de Ignacio Bolívar, I: Blattaria, Mantodea, Phasmoptera y Orthoptera (Stenopelmatoidea, Rhaphidophoroidea, Tettigonioidea, Grylloidea, Tetrigoidea). Eos 69 [1993]: 143-264; Madrid.
SJÖSTEDT, Y. (1931): Acridiodea aus dem Queensland Museum zu Brisbane. Ark. Zool. 23A (11): 1-21; Stockholm.
SNELLEN VAN VOLLENHOVEN, S.C. (1865): Beschrijving van eene nieuwe Tetrix-soort. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 8: 65-66, pl. 1 ; s’Gravenhage.
STEINMANN, H. (1970a): The Tetricidae (Orthoptera) of Notogea. Opusc. Zool. (Budapest) 10 (1): 155-164; Budapest.
STEINMANN, H. (1970b): Check-list of the Tetricidae (Orthoptera) of the Oriental faunal region. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 16 (1-2): 215-240; Budapest.
TAN, M. K., STOROZHENKO, S. Y. & ROBILLARD, T. (2016):
A new species of genus Gestroana (Orthoptera: Tetrigidae: Cladonotinae) from New Guinea. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle 209: 141-148.
TUMBRINCK, J. (2014a):
Taxonomic revision of the Cladonotinae (Orthoptera: Tetrigidae) from the islands of South-East Asia and from Australia, with general remarks to the classification and morphology of the Tetrigidae and descriptions of new genera and species from New Guinea and New Caledonia. In: Telnov, D. (ed.): Biodiversity, biogeography and nature conservation in Wallacea and New Guinea. Volume II. The Entomological Society of Latvia, Riga, 345-396.
TUMBRINCK, J. (2014b):
Wiemersiella gen. nov.: eine neue Dornschrecken-Gattung von Neuguinea (Orthoptera: Tetrigidae, Batrachideinae). Entomologie heute 26: 73-85.
TUMBRINCK, J., 2015.
New species of Palaioscaria Günther, 1936 (Orthoptera: Tetrigidae, Batrachideinae) from New Guinea. SUGAPA 9(2): 29-46.
TUMBRINCK, J. (2018):
A new species of Thoradonta from New Guinea with some remarks on other Tetrigidae (Orthoptera) taxa from Indo-Australia. SUGAPA 11(1): 27-46.
TUMBRINCK, J., (2019):
Taxonomic and biogeographic revision of the genus Lamellitettigodes (Orthoptera: Tetrigidae) with description of two new species and additional notes on Lamellitettix, Probolotettix, and Scelimena. Journal of Orthoptera Research 28 (2): 167-180.
TUMBRINCK, J. & SKEJO, J. (2017):
Taxonomic and biogeographic revision of the New Guinean genus Ophiotettix Walker, 1871 (Tetrigidae: Metrodorinae: Ophiotettigini trib. nov.), with the descriptions of 33 new species. In: Telnov D, Barclay MVL, Pauwels OSG (Eds) Biodiversity, biogeography and nature conservation in Wallacea and New Guinea. Volume III. The Entomological Society of Latvia, Riga, 525-580.
WALKER, F. (1871):
Catalogue of the specimens of Dermaptera Saltatoria in the Collection of the British Museum. Part V [IV +]: 811-850; London (British Museum of Natural History).
WESTWOOD, J. O. (1874): Thesaurus Entomologicus Oxoniensis: or Illustrations of new, rare and interesting insects, for the most part coloured, in the collections presented to the University of Oxford by the Rev. F.W. Hope. XXIV + 205 S, 40 pls.; London (McMillan and Co.).
WILLEMSE, C. (1928): Revision des Acridiodea, décrites par de Haan, avec descriptions de nouvelles espèces. Zoologische Mededeelingen 11 (1): 1-27, pls 1-6; Leiden.
WILLEMSE, C. (1932): Résultats scientifiques du voyage aux Indes-Orientales Néerlandaises de LL. AA. RR. de Prince et la Princesse Léopold de Belgique. Orthoptera I. Fam. Acrididae. Mém. Mus. R. Hist. Nat. Belgique 4 (3): 35-55, pl. 1; Bruxelles.
WILLEMSE, C. (1933): Résultats scientifiques du voyage aux Indes-Orientales Néerlandaises de LL. AA. RR. de Prince et la Princesse Léopold de Belgique. Orthoptera II. Fam. Tettigoniidae and Gryllacridae. Mém. Mus. R. Hist. Nat. Belgique 4 (8): 1-15; Bruxelles.
WILLEMSE, C. (1961): Descriptions and records of tropical Orthoptera. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 104 (1): 1-16, pls 1-5; s’Gravenhage.
YIN XIANGCHU, SHI JANPING &YIN ZHAN (1996): A synonymic catalogue of grasshoppers and their allies of the world. Orthoptera: Caelifera. 1-50 + 1-1266; Beijing (China Forestry Publishing House).